Natural Features

Merseyside Uplands

Photograph of Liverpool taken from an aeroplane

The Merseyside Uplands include the higher ground to the east of Croxteth, and strips at Mossley Hill and elsewhere. They have had an important influence on Merseyside and Liverpool throughout the region’s history.

During the last ice age, glaciers drove in from the north west and moved

south towards the Midlands. As they did so, they created the Mersey channel, the River Alt and Ditton Brook channels. The ice also formed the Dee estuary, thus forming the very basis of the landscape humans would later settle.

Since that time, humans have made use of the landscape created by the ice. The Merseyside uplands, scoured less deeply by ice, are a case in point.

The history of the Merseyside Uplands

The mound adjacent to the Pool was the natural location for the castle when it was built in the 13th Century. Everton Beacon was a stone, and later wooden, construction used to guide sailors up the dangerous Mersey channel. The beacon was naturally built on high ground. This was why it was situated on Everton Hill near the mouth of the estuary.

The north west of England, on the north banks of the Mersey, has always been a marshy area. This is often given as the reason why the Romans generally left the area alone. It gave the area names such as Blackmoor Moss and The Waste or Great Heath. Many areas required draining before they could be built on. For this reason it was the higher ground which was first used by settlers. The area east of West Derby is slightly off the Alt flood plain. The hills of Everton, Kirkby and Childwall and Mossley Hill in south-east Liverpool were also attractive places to settle.

Image: Liverpool from the air, by Thomas Nugent, released under a Creative Commons license

3 Comments on “Merseyside Uplands”

  • dougthepiano


    VERY VERY Interesting


  • loiy


    This was not helpful for what i searched for. I searched for’ What is the land used for around the mouth of the River Mersey?’


    • Martin


      Hi Ioiy,

      Sorry you didn’t find it helpful. Did you do that search on Google or one this site? Unfortunately the search on this site is not clever enough to understand questions intelligently. It’s a simple phrase-matching tool.

      Which part of the land are you interested in? The Seaforth area?



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