Lewis’s Department Store

Photograph of Lewis's department store, Liverpool

David Lewis founded a small shop selling men’s and boy’s clothing in 1856. The sale of women’s clothes began in 1864, and by the 1870s Lewis’s Department Store was in full swing. There were sections for shoes and tobacco in addition to clothing.

Branches were opened in other cities, beginning with Manchester in 1877. Birmingham, Sheffield and Leicester followed soon after.

The building burnt down in the infamous fire of 1886, and was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. Nevertheless, it was rebuilt each time, and was refurbished in 1957. This version included the statue ‘Liverpool Resurgent’, symbolising the city’s renewed vigour following the horrors of the recent conflict.

Lewis’s Department Store – the fifth floor

The fifth floor of Lewis’s has taken on an almost mythical status. In the store’s heyday, the 1950s, the fifth floor was the place to dine in the self-service cafeteria or the Red Rose restaurant. You could also get your hair done in the salon.

A large mural decorated the walls, but this and the other features were hidden from the public in the 1980s. The floor was closed, and remained so until 2010 when it became the focus of an exhibition at the National Conservation Centre.

Tough times

Lewis’s went into administration in 1991, and all but the Liverpool store were sold off, the majority to competitor Owen Owen. The Liverpool branch continued to trade though, until it went into liquidation in 2007. Bought by Vergo Retail Ltd in the same year, it managed to soldier on until the lease on the iconic building came up for renewal. Due to development of the area, the company was no longer allowed to stay. Despite efforts at negotiation, it remains uncertain whether Lewis’s will have a place in the new Liverpool Central Village.

Recent development meant that the focus shifted to the waterfront and Liverpool One. Also in recent years the Big Dig cut off Lewis’s from its customers. It was no longer the highly fashionable place – complete with a lady behind a lectern to welcome you – to shop.

David Lewis’s shops

Drawing of Lewis's Original Department Store, 1869
Lewis’s Original Department Store (1869), by Lewis’s via Flickr

David Lewis opened his first small store on Ranelagh Street, Liverpool in 1856. It was a small, glass-fronted shop as shown in the drawing on the right.

It expanded piece by piece between 1910-12 into much larger premises, which were gutted by fire in 1888. The building was once again heavily damaged, this time by German bombs, during the Second World War. It is the 1957 building, complete with ‘Dickie Lewis’, which remains standing today. This has survived as part of the redevelopment of the area.

Gerald de Courcy Fraser designed the building in 1947 while, Fraser, Sons and Geary carried out construction. It is built from a steel frame with a Portland stone façade.

There are several classical influences in the building. Red granite columns are topped with Ionic capitals, while the columns on the fourth floor are Tuscan in style. A two-storey colonnade above the corner entrance have Doric-style half columns.

Liverpool Resurgent

The statue Liverpool Resurgent is accompanied by relief panels depicting scenes of childhood. The figures in the panels are modelled on the sculptor Jacob Epstein’s own children and grandchildren. These represent the younger generation which Liverpool was being rebuilt for.

The lifts, surprisingly, are one of the most interesting features of the Lewis’s Department Store. Some were still in place at least until work on Liverpool Central Village was begun. These lifts are original features of the building, and were operated by a member of staff through use of a lever. There were no controls for the customers! Both the fold-down seats and the lever mechanism are currently still in the building, and are mentioned in the listing description. The passenger lifts at the south east of the building still have ‘clocks’ with coloured lights. These indicated which member of staff was required on the shop floor.

In addition, parts of the original customer escalators survive to the fourth and fifth floors.

The rediscovered fifth floor has wood panelling, panelled doors and a tiled floor corridor. A ten foot high Festival of Britain mural on the eastern wall is made of hand painted and hand printed tiles. Another mural on the south wall shows geometric patterns and cutlery, probably designed by the same artist.

Further Reading

Lewis’s Fifth Floor: A Department Story by Stephen King

Lewis’s closure brings end to colourful history (Liverpool Echo)

Susan Lee on the reasons why Lewis’s department store in Liverpool is facing closure (Liverpool Echo)

Oldest department store to close (BBC News)

Lewis’s closes down the shutters after 154 years (BBC News)

Lewis’s Liverpool, exterior, 1931 (Liverpool Museums)

Lewis’s Department Store (Historic England’s official listing entry)

10 Comments on “Lewis’s Department Store”

  • John hogg


    hi dose anybody have any information of a dr who exhibition that came to the store in the 60.s to promote the dalek films with Peter cusion or any photos


    • Tim Booth


      I have no photos but l was a Dalek during the exhibition. l worked in Lewis’s from 1964 to 1969 . Tim Booth .


  • Sue boardman


    Hi I’m after any photographs or information regarding the Taylor in Lewis’s store liverpool as my grandfather was the top Taylor there apart from his store photograph which which I have and was always on the stairwell of the store I don’t have any other photos or information would be grateful if anybody could point me in directions of gaining any info


    • Sue boardman


      Tailor sorry for spelling mistake


  • Louise


    I have a collection of x22 Lewis’s Shakespeare, One Penny paper books, dated from 1840’s. Published monthly, inside covers advertise various departments at the Lewises Ranelagh street Liverpool store. If anyone would be interested in purchasing these as a job lot, please contact me.


  • Mike M


    I am trying to find Sue who worked in cosmetic beauty at Lewis ‘s In the 70s and 80s. She drove a Volkswagon . My name is Mike . Went out on a date and lost contact.


  • Mike M


    I am trying to find Sue who worked in cosmetic beauty at Lewis ‘s In the 70s and 80s. My name is Mike . Went out on a date and lost contact.


  • As a young boy, I remember being taken by my mum to Lewis’s Store to see the new escalator. Standing at the top of the escalator I noticed a large red button at knee height and wondered what might happen if I pressed it… which I did surreptitiously with my knee. The escalator immediately stopped causing general consternation. A floor manager shouted for everyone to stand still on the escalator and I took the opportunity during the confusion to go back to my mum who was unaware, as I believe everyone was, of what had happened.

    Whether this was significant enough to have been recorded in any Lewis’s documentation (or newspapers!), I’d be interested to know when this may have occurred. Our family would visit my grandparents near Liverpool every summer, but my memory, possibly influenced by Monty Pythons’, is of elderly women on the escalator wrapped in heavy coats and holding handbags. Presumably this occurred in winter as we did make some Christmas visits, always with concern about the journey to Liverpool being abandoned due to snow on Shap. Of course, heavy coats doesn’t exclude summer!


    • Robert McNaught


      Should have said, this escalator incident was in the early 1960s and presumably within months of the first escalator becoming operational.


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