History of Huyton

There was no clear boundary between the townships of Huyton and Roby, to the south west of Huyton, but the boundary with Whiston was by a brook running through Tarbock to join Ditton Brook.

Hitune, Domesday; Houton, 1258; Huton, 1278; Hyton and Huyton, 1292. The last form is the most common spelling from 1300.

The area around Huyton is fairly flat in the south, although the land is more undulating in the north. The Victoria County History called it a ‘pleasant residential area’. This comment was apparently to be borne out by the suburban expansion of the post-war period. Norris Green, Walton and Huyton were all areas of rapid expansion in the 1950s and 60s. In Huyton, however, a second wave of building occurred in the 1960s when it was realised that the first phase had been insufficient to cope with the growing population.

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Historic Features in Huyton

Transport

The main Liverpool to Prescot road runs through Huyton, with the South Lancashire system of tramways running along it from the boundary of Liverpool to St. Helens and beyond. The road from Liverpool, through Broad Green to Roby was always the principal road through the district.

The London and North West Railway ran through the centre of Huyton, and just to the east of the village a branch led to Prescot and St. Helens. Huyton and Huyton Quarry stations served the area.

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Industry

Huyton quarry was notable a hundred years ago for the presence of coal shafts and ventilators. The Huyton Quarry mine was the closest of the south Lancashire coal mines to Liverpool. The coal measures worked by these mines were to the south east of the old village, and the area is still known as Huyton Quarry. In around 1830 wire drawing (for watchmaking) was present in Huyton. There was a brewery, as in many villages in the area.

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Landmarks

As Huyton was away from the main built up area of Liverpool, a number of large houses had the space to grow up. The Hazels (or Red Hazels) and Hurst House were in the north east corner of the township; Wolfall Hall was on the north boundary, Dam House on the Roby border; and Huyton Hey just south of the station. A cross was erected in the village green in 1820. The idea was to fill up the space used for cock-fighting and bull-baiting! Huyton Hey was a farmhouse by 1907, with the site of a moated farmhouse adjacent.

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Roby

Name: Rabil, Domesday; Rabi, 1292; Roby, 1332 and after.

The Landscape

Childwall Brook separated Roby from Childwall. Page Moss is the name given to the area at the most northerly corner of the township.

In 1372 Sir Thomas de Lathom succeeded in gaining a charter for Roby, as part of a grand scheme to improve the area. Like the city of Liverpool had done 150 years previously, burgages were to be attracted to the area with a ‘rood’ of land (known as a burgage) and were to be free of ‘tolls, terrage and stallage’. They could also grind corn at the lord’s mill, and had liberties of pasture and turbary.

Transport

The principal road through this early addition to Huyton was that running from Liverpool, through Broad Green to Prescot. Court Hey and Roby Hall are at the south end of the district. The London and North West Railway ran along an embankment to the north of the main road, with Roby Station as as a stop on that line.

Landmarks

A cross was located on the main road, with stocks adjacent. There was also an old font in the churchyard. In 1304 Robert de Lathom received a charter for a market and a fair at Roby. The market was held weekly, on Fridays, and an annual fair was held on St. Wilifred’s Day.

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15 responses to “History of Huyton”

  1. Brian Mc Elhinney says:

    Why isn’t there any STREETS in Huyton ..but only in the Quarry area.
    Everywhere else is Roads,Lanes and Avenues etc ?

    • That’s a very good question! And it’s not one that I’m sure has an answer. There is a great list of definitions online as to what makes a ‘street’ different from a ‘road’, but that might be an American list.

      Still, the basic rule is that a Road runs between distant points, like two towns (think Liverpool Road, Manchester Road), whereas a Street has lots of buildings on it, such as a residential street (think Coronation Street!). However, I grew up on a ‘Road’ and it was only about 150m long and was full of houses. Perhaps when the area was being planned it was was a time when ‘Street’ was too old fashioned or ‘ordinary’, and Road, Lane and Avenue sounded grander, smarter etc.

      Martin

  2. Brian Mc Elhinney says:

    Thanks Martin

  3. Would like to see old maps of deep field drive + tarbock road area plus written history from 11 century back to earliest year ?

  4. Danny Myler says:

    Is it me or does anybody else feel like their in a different time zone when they walk up bluebell lane around st.micheals church ? I love walking my dog up there late at night . It’s so peaceful but eerie .

  5. Joseph McElhinney says:

    I used to live in Thornton Grove, off Western Avenue, in the “bungalows”. Is there any historical information about these houses?

    • Martin says:

      Hi Joseph,

      I haven’t got any specific information on Thornton Grove, but the roads in that area were laid out in the mid 1930s. The 1937 map shows the roads without houses on, and by the 1952 map all the houses had been built. They were all part of helping to house the burgeoning population in between the wars and after the Second World War.

      Martin

  6. Sandi Evitt says:

    Is anyone able to tell me where “Elm House” in Huyton might have stood say around 1840? It was the residence of John Heyes who was a Lancashire County Coroner at the time and an ancestor of mine.

    • Martin says:

      Hi Sandi,

      On my Facebook page, John Viggars has pointed out that a John Heyes lived in Elm House in the middle of Prescot, according to the census. See his photos which he shared here: https://www.facebook.com/historicliverpool/posts/1899849653380339 (You might need to click on ‘View 5 more replies’ to get the full details – let me know if you can’t access that page or Facebook in general). I’m not sure why it might be considered Huyton, but the location is very close to Huyton.

      Best wishes,
      Martin

  7. Brian says:

    I believe it was on Roby Road..Opposite the Stanley pub.
    It used to be a Social Security office in 1965..my friend has reliably infored me. .
    There is houses built there now.

  8. Brian says:

    There was also a elm house at Edge Lane near the Junction with St Oswald Street.
    This was demolished in the 90s.
    There are houses there now.
    I think it is called Elm Court.

  9. Sandi Evitt says:

    Thanks heaps. I live in Australia and while I was born in the UK, it was in the south and I have never been to the Liverpool area. Until quite recently I had no idea I even had ancestors from there. I do get a bit muddled by references to Huyton, Prescot, Knowsley and others, as they appear to be used at different times to refer to the same place. Hopefully one day I’ll get back to the UK and have the opportunity to explore and work it all out.

  10. Ian Williams says:

    My paternal grandfather was born 31 October 1894, at Pennington Cottages, Liverpool Road, Roby. Is there any way foe me to identify this building if it still exists, or the site address if not?

    Any assistance appreciated. Ian.

    • Martin says:

      Dear Ian,

      I’ve not been able to find Pennington Cottages myself, but I’ve noticed that several cottages have their names marked on the old Ordnance Survey map from around the right time. If you check on Roby on the Old-Maps.co.uk site then you may have luck just browsing the map there.

      I can’t find a Liverpool Road in Roby. There’s one in Huyton, which is very close, but even that doesn’t seem to have the cottages marked on there. Do let me know if you find them!

      Best wishes,
      Martin

  11. Colin Pye says:

    There is a Pinnington place at the top of Blacklow Brow which has a terrace of cottages in it

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